When charged with sex-based crimes, Pennsylvania residents should be cognizant of the litany of penalties they will face if they are convicted. Since these acts are considered so heinous, legislators in the state and across the nation have implemented harsh long-term consequences. Part of that is the National Sex Offender Registry. If a person is arrested on these charges, it is imperative to understand the possible penalties.
If convicted of a sexual offense, there will be a time period for which the person will be required to be on the National Sex Offender Registry. The duration will depend on the level of sexual offense. A Tier I sexual offense includes abuse of children, institutional sexual assault, video voyeurism and online crimes. The registration will be for 15 years. A Tier II offense includes statutory sexual assault, human trafficking and prostitution. It will be for 25 years. A Tier III sexual offense includes kidnapping, rape, aggravated indecent assault, incest and sexual abuse. The person will need to register for life.
If it is a juvenile offender who is deemed delinquent in Pennsylvania or in another jurisdiction or country after having committed a sexual offense that would require registration had it been committed in Pennsylvania, the person will be ordered to register for life. If that person is required to register as a sex offender in similar circumstances, but it would not require registration, it is required that he or she register for an equal amount of time as is required in that location. Delinquent children who are sexually violent and sexually violent predators will register for life.
Being arrested and charged for sex-based offenses will understandably place a person in fear for how the situation will be resolved. If there is a conviction, in addition to the likely incarceration and financial penalties, there will be a requirement to register on the National Sex Offender Registry. This will negatively impact that person's entire life as they seek employment, try to find a place to live and in just about every aspect of life. People facing federal charges, sex-based offenses and other criminal allegations need to know their options.